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35th Transportation Corps Service Group www.usarmypatches.com
This is an Australian made on wool shoulder patch of the 35th Transportation Corps Service Group. This is one of the rarest patches of WW2 with only about six presently known in existence.
The unit was not the
most exciting or secretive of all units in WW2, but nevertheless it did
play a very important part in the winning of war. When supplies were
delivered by boat to the South West Pacific Area, Gen MacArthur would keep
these boats and used them to transport men and supplies in his island
hopping operations. Gen MacArthur actually had more boats in the Pacific
than the US Navy.
The 35th Transportation Service Group started out as the 1st Ship & Gun Crew Command that has a campaign credit for New Guinea & Papua. It changed to the 35th Transportation Service Group at the end of the war with a campaign credit for the Philippines. This unit provided AA gun crews on board these ships to protect them from enemy aircraft as well as radio operators and crews.
Transportation Service Group member....
I served in the South
Pacific and was a member of the 1st Ship & Gun Crew Command. This
started with 2 survivors of Corregidor and at the end of the war was the
35th Transportation Service Group. I have never been able to track down
any information, but we operated many ships with crews, gun crews, and
radio operators. I served on the SS Hanyang a British freighter that
operated out of Hong Kong prior to the war. I also was on the TP 101 and
LT530, both Army Tugs. The TP 101 lies at the bottom of Marivelies harbor
- we went thru the typhoon of 1944 and made it safely back then the old
101 just gave up the ghost. However, the 35th ran freighters, oilers,
refrigerator ships, tugs, landing craft, patrol boats- you name it.
The message from Tom Field illustrates the way in which things had to be put together in the wake of the Japanese sweep through Southeast Asia and the islands of the Western Pacific. Vessels from as far as Singapore, even China, moved through the Dutch East Indies and Philippines to reach hoped for safety in Australia. Australia was in danger until the Battle of the Coral Sea stopped the Japanese advance. The refugees, ships and men, were the core for striking back.
Jeremiah M. Daily (used by the 35th Transportation Group)
have my permission to use my story for your Army Ship pages if you wish."......James
I have a Liberty Ship
story from the SWPA. In 1944 I was a sergeant in an Ordnance unit based in
Brisbane, Australia, which was destined to be part of the invasion of the
Philippines scheduled for that October. I have just read about the Liberty
Ships and how the Army commandeered them for use in the SWPA. That is
exactly how it happened with us. Our company commander, myself, and
another enlisted man searched the Brisbane docks for a suitable ship to
carry us into battle. We eventually chose the Daily, which had just
come in to Brisbane empty after discharging a cargo of bombs at Calcutta.
It was not the first
ship we looked at along the Brisbane docks. Several days before we had
gone down and looked at a British tramp, about the size of a Liberty, with
a Malay crew. Our CO was a little hesitant about the Malay crew, but I
assured him they were among the world's finest seamen and had served on
British ships for generations. The real reason we did not choose the
British ship was that the crew kept a large pen of goats on the afterdeck
for butchering and we were going to need all the deck space we could get
for our equipment.
At the end of the
3,700-mile, three-week voyage from Brisbane to Leyte, via New Guinea,
where we picked up additional troops, the Daily was kamikazed on
the morning of our arrival off Leyte. The Japanese had just begun suicide
missions and, because of the outcome of the Battle of Leyte Gulf in which
we lost air support from the baby carriers guarding the beaches, we were
surprised and unprotected. Out of about 500 on the Daily, more than
250, or half of the ship's crew and soldiers aboard, were killed, wounded
or missing. The ship's master, chief officer, third engineer, radio
operator and the Armed Guard lieutenant were among them.
Rather than resent
us, the officers and crew of the Daily did all they could to make
our situation a little more bearable. For example, we were allowed to file
through the port alleyway (as long as we did not clog it) and drink from
the water cooler there. This was the only chilled water on the ship. We
were also allowed to use the radio room as our office. This was the only
air-conditioned space on a Liberty ship. The radio operator gave me
permission to come in at any time and listen to radio broadcasts. As a
final act of kindness toward their soldier-passengers, on the morning
after the attack, the galley shared what prepared food they had with us.
The army field kitchens, on which we depended for our meals, had been
destroyed in the attack. I have been on both Army and Navy troop
transports during my years in the Southwest Pacific, but I never again
encountered the real feeling of comradeship that manifested itself between
the soldiers and the ship's crew on the Daily.
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